What are safety audit?
Audit is a systematic and, wherever possible, independent
examination to determine whether activities and related results conform
to planned arrangements and whether these arrangements are implemented
effectively and are suitable to achieve the organization's policy and
The health and safety management audit our members adopted is a structured process of collecting independent information on the efficiency, effectiveness and reliability of the total H&S management system and drawing up plans for corrective action.
Auditing examines each stages in the H&S management system
by measuring compliance with the controls the organisation has developed,
with the ultimate aim of assessing their effectiveness and their validity
for the future.
Are there many types of safety audit?
Well, roughly speaking, we could sum up at least six types of audit which are related to health and safety:
Objectives of this type of safety auditing are to inform the company:
Audit of a Health and Safety Plan
Audit of a Health and Safety Plan is the review of this plan at the end of the year.
The audit consists of two parts. The first is intended to provide a simple overview of progress in terms of time. The second is intended to expand on the information provided in the first part by giving reasons as to why any missed deadlines were not met, detailing any benefits gained by the activities undertaken in the time period covered by the plan, and including any other relevant information that will assist in drawing up the plan for the next 12 months.
The audit looks into the progress of the existing plan as well as the contents and format of the plan.
A " walk around audit" is to determine whether the health and safety policies of the company are being properly implemented and to identify areas in which policy effectiveness needs to be improved.
One of the main problems with H&S audits of the above type is that they tend to examine H&S problems from the symptoms rather than causes of the problems. They rarely focus entirely on the management of H&S.
H&S Management audits look into the following areas:
Project HSE auditing provides the method for monitoring and controlling HSE activities and procedures throughout the life of the project. It comprises of two activities:
The formal audits provide a more comprehensive and formal assessment
of compliance with HSE procedures and plans. They should be carried out
at key points during the project life cycle.
It is a self-evaluation audit which aims at:
Safety Audit is important in the product design and development stages. It is to ensure that the company had adequately protected the user of a product from hazards that it did not know existed. This type of audit is to
Safety Management Audit Rating Tool (SMART)
Safety Management Audit Rating Tool (SMART) is developed by the Society of Accredited Safety Auditors for assessing the occupational safety and health management system of contractors in construction work.
The design of SMART is based on British Standard BS8800:1996 Guide to Occupational health and safety management systems and standards set by local legislation. SMART provides an easy step by step assessment of the site health and safety management functions and its compliance with local legislation. Its aim is to unveil deficiency and weakness of the system for the management which in turn would help the management to further improve on site health and safety management.
SAMART can be used as an in-house management tool for self-assessment and it can be used by an external auditor for an independent audit. A scoring system is introduced to help in setting baseline for further improvement and for comparison among sites of the company.
The Safety & Health Audit Recognition Programme (SHARP) is developed and administered by the Society of Accredited Safety Auditors Ltd. (SASA) and The Hong Kong Registered Safety Auditors Association (HKRSAA) (collectively referred to as the Programme Administrator or PA) to enhance the professional standard and performance of safety and health audits conducted in accordance with the Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Safety Management) Regulations. The objective is to procure excellent and quality audits that are well above legal requirements and trade expectation so as to achieve advancement in the occupational safety and health performance in Hong Kong.
Auditors enrolled in this programme (SHARP Auditors) undertake that they will abide by the criteria of safety audit practice issued by the PA from time to time. Audit reports prepared by SHARP Auditors will bear a label and a seal of the SHARP Auditor issued under this programme on the cover page confirming that the audit was conducted and the report was prepared in accordance with the criteria set under SHARP. Audits that are conducted in accordance with SHARP may gain respected recognition and popularity amongst factory proprietors and contractors as they signify quality audits and quality reports.
|Auditor List for SHARP|